Thursday, August 27, 2020
Tucurui Dam Project in Brazil Paper With 45 000 enormous dams all through the world, plainly dams have made a urgent help to human turn of events, and the focal points got from them have been noteworthy. Like all improvement choices, evaluations on dams and their options must think about a tremendous scope of prerequisites, desires, points and controls. Dams have the two expenses and advantages, making these expenses and advantages balance is an exceedingly fragile errand. In a few cases an improper and frequently pointless expense has been made to accomplish those advantages, especially in social and ecological terms; the Tucurui Dam in Brazil being one of these cases. The Tucurui Dam is arranged on the lower Tocantins River inside the Tocantins-Araguaia River Basin neighboring the Amazon bowl in north-eastern Brazil. The complex was developed with the main goal of delivering hydropower, with the auxiliary objective of providing a safe waterway course being presented later. The total expense of Tucurui was US $7. 5 billion, this absolute showing a 77% cost invade. The individuals of Pari State apparent a relationship among hydropower and transportation as an opportunity to invigorate the nearby economy. One must note that in a general sense, the social and political receptivity to the Tucurui hydropower complex at the local level laid on the possibility of connecting the two segments. Be that as it may, local people are yet to see this possibility in real life. The development of the locks was limped by a deficiency of subsidizing, and came to a standstill in 1989, the rest of the parts for the lock framework were supposed to be finished with Phase II of the venture. However vulnerability stands around over Phase II development plan, with connection to the structure of the locks. We will compose a custom exposition test on Tucurui Dam Project in Brazil explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom article test on Tucurui Dam Project in Brazil explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom article test on Tucurui Dam Project in Brazil explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer Furthermore, despite the fact that the networks around the region of the complex foreseen that the undertaking would animate the improvement of the area, incredibly they didn't get power from the task until 1997, when, just as an outcome of extraordinary weight from neighborhood gatherings, a stage down substation was built to provide food for local people. Then again, on a more extensive scale hydropower now represents 90% of the absolute force utilization in Brazil with Greenhouse Gas outflows lower contrasted with the emanations from elective wellsprings of power age from Tucurui ; diesel, substantial oil and coal, along these lines in this lies an advantage for the earth. Then again, the establishment of intensity creation empowered Tucurui to supplant thermo-power plants in the North east which were providing capacity to the ventures in Beli m at a more noteworthy expense. In 1998 with the incorporation toward the South/South east System by means of the Tucurui - Serra da Mesa power line, power was offered to South east Brazil; the most recognized economy in the nation. Besides, the development of the Tucurui hydropower complex was an indispensable component in the territorial and national approaches impacting the globalization procedure of Brazil. With a positive financial condition and sponsored inputs the state mining organization, Companhia Vale do Rio Doce, had the option to develop into one of the universes significant iron metal makers. Moreover, the arrangement of serious sponsored power provided motivating forces for the movement of vitality escalated ventures from creating nations troubled with extremely high vitality costs into Brazil. Then again, the globalization procedure is featured in this part with the inclusion of trans-national enterprises from the major financial fortifications of the United States and Japan. However essentially, in spite of the fact that gains for predominant businesses were set up, there was a nonappearance of far reaching positive outcomes that had been anticipated for the national and provincial economies; as ever with globalization the prizes are concentrated to a minor get together who are usually outsiders. Moreover, in any event, when there was some territorial improvement it was disengaged to enclaves encompassing metallurgical enterprises. Weights from its worldwide partners made Brazil offer lenient gestures, particularly regarding reasonable vitality costs, seriously influencing monetary benefits at the national level, with inconsequential or no arrival for the area. It appears to be in this manner that in any event, when parts of the economy have profited by the undertaking it is restricted to or dependant on remote enterprises, in this way there are benefits yet at the expense of monetary defenselessness. Before the task was built resource agribusiness was the predominant methods for endurance for networks. Angling was likewise pervasive in the locale before the raising of the dam, with an expected catch of 1,534 tons/year, anyway get information shows that the task implied that the region saw a 29% decay, with a decrease from 173 to 123 fish species. Not exclusively were occupations put in danger by the demise of species brought about by various reasons, the head being water quality because of euthropication, however it is another case of the most luxuriously invested and generally particular on the globe being pulverized for slight financial increases in an inconsistent exchanging framework. The task included submersion of 2,850 km2 of land including enormous zones of rainforest for the supply. It must be noticed that a Wildlife Working Group was set up to set up a Wildlife Development Inventory Plan, this was the most broad and the most expensive natural life salvage did in Amazonia with an all out venture of US $30. Alternately, the segment impacts of the venture were profoundly huge, with the possibility of picking up development or related business drawing in tremendous floods of transients increasing the number of inhabitants in the prompt region six-overlay. In any case, this seriously stressed the framework of the locale and brought about the development of favelas, which advance sick wellbeing, wrongdoing and destitution. During the resettlement procedure, more than 14,000 individuals some time ago inhabitant in the zones immersed by the store were moved, this resettlement procedure happened exceedingly late and in a bound manner with no idea given to the employment examples of the families. This oversight was not any more clear than when riverbank networks were put inland and the extractive networks were settled in lands requiring cultivating in the connecting territories. In like manner, thought for remuneration disregarded the measure of work put resources into the land, just as the social rationale, and social and authentic condition of nearby networks. One must note that the neighborhood wellbeing effects of developing the Tucurui Hydropower Complex are eminent and negative. The absence of clean foundation, safe drinking water and the utilization of smirch pots to redirect mosquitoes made them presented to ailments, for example, jungle fever, loose bowels, verminoses and respiratory issues. This combined with the development in populace brought about by the inflow of foreigners, brought about a stamped upsurge in the event of vector transmitted sicknesses, for example, jungle fever, schistosomiasis, just as modern mishaps, liquor addiction, explicitly transmitted ailments and AIDS. In 1980 during the development phase of the task the baby death rates for the Tucurui metropolitan locale was in excess of multiple times bigger than the remainder of Pari State and multiple times the newborn child death rate for the entirety of Brazil. Plainly the nearby populace paid the expense for the venture little ranchers, indigenous networks and riverbank inhabitants, homes, occupations and wellbeing were unfavorably influenced by the undertaking. It is additionally certain that that the undoubted advantages of the dam are not picked up inside Brazil yet by remote speculators. The venture was built notwithstanding local people starting expectations, to attempt to shape Brazil, with the goal that it is progressively serious on the world market, yet it has come about in is devastating the priceless condition, messing wellbeing up a has dislodged local people into unseemly territories. Incidentally, it appears that the plan brought about Brazil getting very helpless against trans-national organizations with for the most part irrelevant nearby benefit. Albeit one may contend this is the situation for all nations because of the undeniably worldwide nature of world exchange it is progressively evident in creating nations, for example, Brazil, who don't have as more grounded inner enterprises as the created nations do, for example, Japan,, accordingly implying that they are exceedingly dependent and subsequently increasingly defenseless against the choices of trans-national organizations. Taking everything into account, I accept that the plan was unjustified, in money related terms as well as in social and ecological terms as well. Dams adjust scenes and make dangers of permanent effects. The discussion about dams is a discussion concerning the very point and pathways for achieving all development and improvement. Like all advancement suggestions, except if dams endeavor to advance incorporated improvement activities for provincial regions, stress sustainable power source ventures (which the plan improved) the personal satisfaction for neighborhood networks, while taking into respect the way that the urban masses has simpler access to the upsides of these undertakings, at that point they will keep on showing a greater number of expenses than benefits.
Posted by Amora Seeley at 9:24 PM
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Security Yield Under Various Assumptions - Essay Example By and by, the idea of the cost of a zero coupon bond enunciated in the PowerPoint slides and the idea of the current worth are comparable. One of the more significant ideas in bond valuation is term to development. Term to development Ã¢â¬Å"specifies the date or number of years before a bond develops (or expires)Ã¢â¬ (Reilly and Brown, 2002, p. 697). Another significant idea is the coupon of bond which Ã¢â¬Å"indicates the salary that the bond speculator will get over the life (or holding time) of the issueÃ¢â¬ of a bond (Reilly and Brown, 2002, p. 697). Other than ideas term to development and coupon of bond, the other significant ideas incorporate the head or the standard estimation of the security yet people in general is commonly acquainted with these ideas. II. Proportions of Bond Yield Under Various Assumptions (and models) There are at any rate five proportions of security yield. Each measure includes a series of expectations. 1. Respect Maturity (YTM) As called attent ion to by our PowerPoint slides, Ã¢â¬Å"Bond costs and loan fee riskÃ¢â¬ , the respect development or YTM Ã¢â¬Å"is the yield vowed to the bondholder if the security held up to development and all coupons are reinvested at the guaranteed yieldÃ¢â¬ (Slide 17, Ã¢â¬Å"Bond costs and financing cost riskÃ¢â¬ ). ... 214-215). Fabozzi (2008, p. 214) affirmed that respect development Ã¢â¬Å"is the loan cost that will make the current estimation of the income from a security equivalent to its market cost in addition to gathered interest.Ã¢â¬ Fabozzi (2008, p. 214) called attention to that Ã¢â¬Å"an iterative method is utilized to discover the loan cost that will make the current estimation of the incomes equivalent to the market cost in addition to accumulated interest.Ã¢â¬ Following the Fabozzi (2008, p. 214) model, assume a bond with a presumptive worth of $100 promising installments of 7% per annum payable semi-yearly or at regular intervals is being sold at $94.17. In view of the parameters characterized for the bond, the bond will gain for the bond purchaser the estimation of $3.50 at regular intervals in addition to $100 toward the finish of the multi year. Fabozzi (2008, p. 214) called attention to that when the markdown rate used to get the current estimation of the installments from the security is 3.5%, the current estimation of the security is $100.00. At the point when the rebate pace of 3.6% is utilized to decide the current estimation of installments from bond, the current estimation of the bond is $98.80. At the point when the rebate pace of 3.7% is utilized, the current estimation of the bond is $97.62. At the point when the rebate pace of 3.8% is utilized, the current estimation of the bond is $96.45. At the point when the rebate pace of 3.9% is utilized, the current estimation of the bond is $95.30. At last, when the markdown pace of 4.0% is utilized, the current estimation of the bond is $94.17. Subsequently, in light of these, Fabozzi (2008, p. 214) inferred that 4.0% is the cost of the security and Ã¢â¬Å"hence, 4.0% is the semi-yearly respect maturity.Ã¢â¬ All calculations originated from Fabozzi (2008). In this way, we can think about that the respect development or YTM of the bond as the premium really paid to the venture of $94.17 made by the purchaser of bond and the incomes of $3.50
Posted by Amora Seeley at 1:16 PM
Friday, August 21, 2020
The Road Not Taken and the Journey of Life This sonnet by Robert Frost was first perused to me in the most recent year of my secondary school experience. Back at that point, in addition to the fact that I had positively no enthusiasm for any scholarly work, however in addition, had no intension to lye there and break down a sonnet into its emblematic definitions. Only currently have I been instructed the correct method to peruse an artistic work as a formalistic pundit would read. With this new way to deal with writing I can comprehend the hidden importance to Robert Frost's The Road Not Taken. notwithstanding simply getting a handle on the writer's intension, I had the option to evenhandedly cause that this sonnet, without straightforwardly referencing anything about existence's choices, is completely about simply that. Robert Frost deciphered the vast majority of the choices we make in life into this twenty-line sonnet of a man picking which way to take in a yellow wood. Everyday I settle on a choice to do a specific assignment, go for that specific stroll, or to sit at home and do totally nothing. Being one individual, I can never know without a doubt what the specific result may be if I somehow managed to pick the other decision. For example, I go for a restful stroll each night and I penance my opportunity to accomplish something else. Although this may not generally record to me by and by, I do some of the time think what the other decision may have brought me. And as a rule, I complete the errand with a liberating sensation, a moan maybe, that the decision I made went to be a very much made decision. Though a great many people seldom investigate the penance of dynamic the manner in wh ich Robert Frost does, it is in fact an exceptionally analyzed way also comprehend a way less went by. The principal refrain acquainted the peruser with the choice the creator would need to make. Two streets separated in a yellow wood to me meant that the aftereffect of his choice would emerge from a similar starting point to which in my own life, I can reflect on. And however he might want to have seen the result of the two ways, he realized he could just pick one. And to enable him to conclude, he would look down the two decisions and see just until the street took a curve.
Posted by Amora Seeley at 10:58 AM
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Landscapes are works of art that feature scenes of nature. This includes mountains, lakes, gardens, rivers, and any scenic view. Landscapes can be oil paintings, watercolors, gauche, pastels, or prints of any kind. Painting the Scenery Derived from the Dutch word landschap, landscape paintings capture the natural world around us. We tend to think of this genre as majestic mountain scenes, gently rolling hills, and still water garden ponds. Yet, landscapes can depict any scenery and feature subjects within them such as buildings, animals, and people. While there is a traditional viewpoint of landscapes, over the years artists have turned to other settings. Cityscapes, for instance, are views of urban areas, seascapes capture the ocean, andÃ waterscapes feature freshwater such as the work of Monet on the Seine. Landscape as a Format In art, the word landscape has another definition. Landscape format refers to a picture plane that has a width which is greater than its height. Essentially, it is a piece of art in a horizontal rather than a vertical orientation. Landscape in this sense is indeed derived from landscape paintings. The horizontal format is much more conducive to capturing the wide vistas that artists hope to portray in their work. A vertical format, though used for some landscapes, tends to restrict the vantage point of the subject and may not have the same impact. Landscape Painting in History As popular as they may be today, landscapes are relatively new to the art world. Capturing the beauty of the natural world was not a priority in early art when the focus was on spiritual or historical subjects.Ã It was not until the 17th century that landscape painting began to emerge. Many art historians recognize that it was during this time that scenery became the subject itself and not just an element in the background. This included the work of French painters Claude Lorraine and Nicholas Poussin as well as Dutch artists like Jacob van Ruysdael. Landscape painting ranked fourth in the hierarchy of genres set up by the French Academy. History painting, portraiture, and genre painting were considered more important. The still life genre was considered less important. This new genre of painting took off, and by the 19th century, it had gained widespread popularity. It often romanticized the scenic views and came to dominate the subjects of paintings as artists attempted to capture what was around them for all to see. Landscapes also gave the first (and only) glimpse many people had of foreign lands. When the Impressionists emerged in the mid-1800s, landscapes began to be less realistic and literal. Though collectors will always enjoy realistic landscapes, artists like Monet, Renoir,Ã and Cezanne demonstrated a new view of the natural world. From there, landscape painting has thrived, and it is now one of the most popular genres among collectors. Artists have taken the landscape to a variety of places with new interpretations and many sticking with tradition. One thing is for sure; the landscape genre now dominates the landscape of the art world.
Posted by Amora Seeley at 5:59 AM
Friday, May 15, 2020
INTRODUCTION Children need intact families to flourish. It is hard to imagine that if the family is torn apart, a child can simply adjust to a new situation, home, step-parent, siblings, and entire change of life as they know it without suffering significant effects upon their mental health and development lacks. Despite voices that serve to minimize the effects of divorce on children, this paper will show that the negative effects upon their mental health and development are such that the best solution is to avoid divorce all together. According to Stinson and Jones, Ã¢â¬Å"well-being on the road to adulthood for both children and teens hinges on family relationships.Ã¢â¬ For the sake of discussion, let us agree that by family relationships, Stinson and Jones are referring to the traditional family relationships of two spouses committed to a lifelong, monogamous, heterosexual marriage and their children. Stinson and Jones say that children are dependent on these Ã¢â¬Å"familiesÃ¢â¬ for their well-being and successful transition to adulthood yet the traditional family is in serious danger. HOW BIG IS THE PROBLEM? Harvey and Fine say, in their book on the effects of divorce on children, that divorce has increased at a Ã¢â¬Å"contagious rate since 1980.Ã¢â¬ They argue that divorce in America is a Ã¢â¬Å"cultural burden of vast proportions,Ã¢â¬ and insist that the Ã¢â¬Å"pain extends beyond the persons who dissolve their relationships to children, parents, and dear friends.Ã¢â¬ Harvey and FineShow MoreRelatedEffects Of Divorce On Children s Socio Economic Success Essay1704 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOra Fudge English 1302.41430 Prof. Savage 4 Dec. 2016 Effects of Divorce on Children s Socio-Economic Success The family is the lowest unit within the social structure. Basically, a family consists of a couple and their children. Socially, a Ã¢â¬Å"fullÃ¢â¬ family unit is respected while Ã¢â¬Å"oneÃ¢â¬ units are stigmatized. In the past decade, an extensive literature has been developed in relation to the interplay between family structure, family change and child outcomes. In the developed world, marriage isRead MoreEssay about Depression and Anxiety in Persons with Divorced Parents1184 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDivorced Parents In the recent years, divorce rates have been continually trending upwards (Reiter, Hjorleifsson, Breidablik, Meland, 2013). It is factual that children who have parents that have divorced typically face more obstacles in numerous aspects of life than children who have married parents. Children that experience divorce have up to a 300% increase in probability to be impacted by issues in mental wellbeing than their peers without an incident of divorce in their parental structure (ShifflettRead MoreThe Effects Of Divorce On Child Development1194 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Effects of Divorce on Child Development I met the love of my life in my financial accounting class. He was charming, and intelligent, and he carried himself well. Early into our relationship I realized underneath this assuring exterior, was a broken, unstable man. He had issues with trust, and he always took many health risks. He explained to me how hard it was for him to attach himself to people because he figured they would leave anyways. Nothing is forever. he seemed to believe. On topRead MoreLong Term Effects Of Parental Divorce On Children s Health969 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Long Term Effects of Parental Divorce on ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Health Chi Chang California State University, Fresno Long Term Effects of Parental Divorce on ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Health Not all married couples stay together. It is during such times as divorce that families are torn apart and children become the main victims. Children from families who have experienced divorce are more likely to suffer future health complications compared to those who have not. Studies examined their psychosocialRead MoreDivorce Is A Process That Many People Around The World Go Through990 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDivorce is a process that many people around the world go through. Over the last couple of decades, the rate of marriages that end in divorce has been steadily increasing. There are numerous factors in which a marriage can fail and end up in divorce. The effects of divorce are immense; it permanently weakens the bond or relationship between a child and their parents. Some of the most common results that divorce has on children include the fact that children tend to blame themselves, there is aRead MoreDivorce And Its Effects On Children1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pag esknow that the divorce rate in the United States hovers around fifty percent, including forty percent under the age of 21. In that fifty percent one of every six adults is likely to go through a divorce twice. Not only does divorce affect the adults involved, but forty percent of children in the United States will experience parental divorce (Portnoy, 2008). Children with divorced parents struggle with negative consequences emotionally, mentally, and academically compared to those children from intactRead MoreEffects Of Parental Divorce On Children s Mental Health2349 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesAbstract Every year at least a million children are effected by divorce. Because the family is a developmental integral part of growing-up, parental divorce has shown to have negative short-term as well as long-term effects that often last into adulthood. Studies have highlighted the short and long-term impact, divorce has on childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s mental health. Anxiety, depression, and mental stress has been implicated as some of these far-reaching effects. Children of divorced parents are at increased riskRead MoreChildren Should Be Too Great For Their Parents886 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesunable to deal with the emotional trauma that is brought about by the divorce, and they do not know whom to turn to because of the divorce, which makes them angry, depressed, and at times develop an aggressive nature (Brown, 2010). Research shows that children suffer emotional trauma in the event that there parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ divorce. According to Steven Earll who is a licensed counselor and therapist, he states that; Ã¢â¬Å"Children (and adult children) have the attitude that their parents should be able to work throughRead MoreHow Parents Handle The Divorce934 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesalso interesting to note, that the symptoms and feelings described above tend to be present regardless of how the parents handle the divorce. Research has shown that even when a divorce is friendly, children still experience the same things and respond in the same ways (Rappaport, 2013). These initial symptoms and reactions however, do tend to fade over time, as children adjust to their new lives (Rappaport, 2013). It is understandable to see the many reactions described above, due to the levels ofRead MoreEssay about Effects of divorce on elementary-school aged children1279 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn America, divorce rates are at an all time high. A divorce between the parents of elementary students can be devastating in a young childÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Divorce causes stress for children not only at home, but also at school. Children of divorced or separated parents often have to commute between houses. Not only do they have to deal with the pain of parents separating, they also may feel as if they caused their parentÃ¢â¬â¢s problems. Parental divorce has negative effects on childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s academic achievement
Posted by Amora Seeley at 12:34 PM
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Separating Substances: Identifying Food Dyes with TLC Background The color of food is an integral part of our culture and enjoyment of life. Who would deny the mouth-watering appeal of a deep-pink strawberry ice cream on a hot summers day or a golden Thanksgiving turkey garnished with fresh green parsley? Even early civilizations such as the Romans recognized that people eat with their eyes as well as their palates. Saffron and other spices were often used to provide a rich yellow color to various foods. Butter has been colored yellow as far back as the 1300s. Food color additives are dyes, pigments or substances that impart color when applied to a food, drug, cosmetic, or the human body. The Food and Drug AdministrationÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Place 5 candy pieces of the same color into a small beaker. Pour enough acetic acid solution into each tube to just cover all of the candy pieces, around 5 mL. 2. Agitate the beaker carefully for about 30-45 seconds, or until the color comes off of the candy. Be careful to dissolve as little as possible of the white layer (sugar) under the colored layer and do not dissolve any of the chocolate. Immediately decant the colored solution into a clean test tube, trying not to transfer any of the sediment. Repeat with the other colors for which you are responsible. 3. Now you need to extract the dye from the solution onto the strips of yarn. To do this, place one piece of yarn into each test tube of colored solution. Heat the tubes in a boiling water bath for 8-10 minutes. You can remove the tubes from the water when the solution is milky-white and the yarn is the color of the dye, in other words, when all of the dye has been extracted from the solution. 4. Remove the dyed yarn from the solution and rinse it with distilled water. If you wish you may cut ~2 cms off each piece of yarn as a souvenir. Let these dry on a piece of paper, and you may take them away with you to keep ifShow MoreRelatedLab Report on TLC analisys of Analgestic Drugs Essay examples1266 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTLC Analysis of Analgesic Drugs Introduction In this experiment, thin-layer chromatography (TLC) was used to determine the composition of various over-the-counter (OTC) analgesics: Anacin, Bufferin, Excedrin, and Tylenol. The TLC plates were first viewed under ultraviolet (UV) light and then treated with iodine vapor in order to visualize the spotting. Experiment Scheme Initially, sixteen capillary micropipets were created in order to spot the TLC plates. Two TLC plates were then obtainedRead MoreLab Report On Chromatography And Lab1206 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesChromatography and TLC of Spinach Group Experiment 3 Ã¢â¬â Individual Lab Report (Save as pdf and submit, due by 12:00 NOON one week after experiment) Last Name: Wang First Name: Zoey Lab Partner(s): Sue Wang TA Name: Sosthene Date Lab Performed: Nov. 12, 2015 Date Lab Submitted: Nov. 12, 2015 Group A, B, or C: B Comments for Grading TA: (Please indicate if you performed the lab on a day other than your regularly scheduled day and/or with a TA other than your regular TA). Page Limit: report must not exceedRead MoreExperiment 2a Adsorption Chromatography ( Tlc )1455 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNAME: ____Amy Hua_______________________ Experiment 4a Adsorption Chromatography (TLC) Summary of Points for Experiment 4a: Item Possible Points Actual Points Pre-Lab 2 Notebook: N/A N/A Purpose/Table of Reagents 2 Corrections 2 Blank Spaces 2 Signatures 2 TLC data (4-in notebook) 8 Coherent 2 Conclusions (absent here) 1 Sub-Total = 21 multiply Sub-Total x 2= 42 Report: N/A N/A Introduction 2 Data and Calculations 8 Less Points-Missing Data N/A N/A Unknown Identity 10 Read MoreChemistry Experiment : Oxidation Of Borneol1607 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Experiment 3: Oxidation of Borneol to Camphor By: Evan Holley Lab partner: Jeffrey Horton T.A.: Garret CHM2211L-008 07/12/2015 Introduction The overall goal in this lab was to oxidize borneol, a secondary alcohol, into camphor, which is a ketone. For the purposes of oxidation chromic acid was utilized, which was prepared by adding a 1:1 ratio of chromium trioxide to dilute sulfuric acid. The oxidation reaction occurs as a two-step reaction. The first step involves the formationRead MoreOrganic Chem 1 Post Lab Report Essay848 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPost Lab Report Experiment 3 - Chromatography Ã¢â¬â Analyzing Analgesics by TLC and Isolation of Ã ²Ã¢â¬âCarotene by Column Chromatography Chemicals 1. Acetaminophen (C8H9NO2) 2. Aspirin (C9H8O4) 3. Caffeine (C8H10N4O2) 4. Ibuprofen (C13hH18O2) Introduction In this experiment, several analgesics were analyzed by Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) and the composition of an unknown tablet was identified. We define chromatography as the separation of two or more compounds or ions byRead MoreEssay about Organic Chemistry Ii Lab Report1715 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTorres 1 Luis A. Torres Group #11 USC Chemistry 322b Formal Lab Report 6th November 2015 I. II. Enzymatic Resolution of 1-Phenylethanol and Diastereomer Analysis Objective/Abstract Enzymatic transesterification reaction was performed to study the resolution of diastereomers using 1H-NMR analysis. The stereo-selectivity of acylase I, an enzyme, for a 50:50 racemic mixture of 1-phenylethanol was determined. In the first of a two-step reaction, 1-phenylethanol was reacted with vinylRead MoreIdentification of Unknown Ketones Essay1152 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages811 | 106 | 2-heptanone | 114.2 | 151 | .811 | 89 | 2-octanone | 128.2 | 173 | .819 | 58 | Reaction/Calculations: There were no reactions in this lab. Known ketones: 2-propanone 2-butanone 2-hexanone 2-heptanone 2-octanone Mass of unknown: .17g Melting Point of Unknown: 87 deg C TLC Slides: Rf Values: Unknown K = 3cm/6cm = .5 2-Propanone: 2.6cm/5.5cm = .47 2-Hexanone: 2.9cm/5.4cm = .53 2-Heptanone: 3.2cm/6.2cm = .51 Read MoreWhodunit: A Forensic Investigation1620 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPike Date submitted: 9/26/2012 Lab Partner: Charles Stewart CHM1046L Ã¢â¬â sec#21 Purpose: The purpose of this experiment was to investigate a crime scene. Given an evidence bag a number of tests were performed in order to determine who the suspect was. The experiments included a simple fiber burn test, iodine fuming to develop a finger print, and thin-layer chromatography to determine ink similarities. Procedure: No changes were made to the procedure in the lab manual. Dillon, Stephanie. WhodunitRead MoreSynthesis and Characterization of Aspirin Product Identity and Purity After synthesizing a1000 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespure acetylsalicylic acid. 5. Place the sealed end of the two tubes into the melting point apparatus as follows: your product on the left and pure acetylsalicylic acid on the right. You may need to share a melting point apparatus with another two lab partners. In this case, since there are only three sample slots in the apparatus, put the pure acetylsalicylic acid in the middle and use the two outside slots for the synthesized products. 6. Heat the apparatus rapidly to about 80Ã °C, then slowly heatRead MoreEssay about spirometry report953 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSpirometry Lab Report: Name__________ Lab Section: 1 2 3 Lab Partner(s) _________________ Use your PowerPoint notes, lab book, text book, your data, and the Internet to answer the following questions. All reports must be typed and stapled. All reports must be in your own words. One student from each group should include the LabTutor-generated data tables and/or graphs. Exercise 1: Pulmonary
Posted by Amora Seeley at 4:36 PM
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance. Answer: Introduction: Firstly the common law agency test or the control test. According to the provisions of this test if an employer have the right to control the employee in a manner through the kind of work which was done by him but also the way in which the work was done by him he is an employee. This test was provided by the case of Yewens v Noake (1881) 6 QBD 530 where it was stated by the judge that A Servant is a person subject to the command of his master as to the manner in which he shall do his work." A more realistic approach has been developed towards determining employment in the case of Cassidy v Ministry of Health  2 KB 343, in this case the test which was developed was known as the integration test. Through the application of this test employment is determined by analyzing whether the person is a primary part of the business are an integral part or only are secondary accessory to the business. The latest develop test in order to identify the status of employment is known as the multi factor test. As the name suggests the test is the combination of the above two tests. This test is a threefold test in order to determine employment. The test was used in the landmark case of Ready Mixed Concrete (South East) Ltd v Minister of Pensions and National Insurance  2 QB 497. The judge identified three factors which had to be considered in order to determine whether a person is an independent contractor or an employee. Firstly the person agrees to provide his own skills to the employer in exchange of remuneration or wages. Secondly there is agreement between the person and the employee that this services would be significantly controlled by the employer. Finally the other terms of the contract are in accordance with a contract of employment. In relation to the first requirement there has to be remuneration and wages in order to create a consideration for the contract. The own work and skill of the employee has to be provided to the employer. There must be no freedom to do the job by the employee himself or by some other person unless in a very limited circumstances if provided by the employer. A lot of room for interpretation is left by the multiple test in relation to the final condition where no fixed list of factors are provided which may be consistent or inconsistent. These factors are derived through the matter of common sense. In the case of Market Investigations Ltd v Minister for Social Security  2 QB 173 it had been provided by the Cooke J that the basic issue was to determine whether a person who had been appointed to carry in the services are doing so on the account of the business or his own account. In case it is provided that the person is doing it for the business and not his personal account the person in an employee. The case listed a few factors related to the contract of employment which are the extent of risk upon the worker, the extent of control of the employer on the worker, who is the owner of the equipment and tools, the way in which payment is made, obligations towards each other and the capacity of providing substitutes. The flexibility which is provided through the multi-factor test was also used in a successful way to determine the issue in the case of Lee v Lee's Air Farming Ltd  UKPC 33. In this case it as found by the court that a sole owner (plaintiff) of the company was an employee as an incorporated company was a separate entity and had control over the way in which the plaintiff carried out his work. A notice of termination has to be provided not only through common law according to which an employee has to be provided with a notice period before he is terminated in order to find others mode of employment but also through the FWA section 117. According to the section an employer is not allowed to end the employment of an employee unless the employee is provided by the employer a written notice with respect to the day of termination. The notice should not be provided after the termination has been made. Section 358 of the FWA expressly provides that an employer is not allowed to dismiss or threatened to dismiss and employee so that the employee can be engaged in form of an independent contractor to do the same or comparatively same job with respect to a contract of services. In the case of Fair Work Ombudsman v Happy Cabby Pty Ltd Anor  FCCA 397 record fine had been imposed by the court on the shuttle company with respect to the violation of provisions related to sham contracting as provided by the FWA which included the offences of failing to provide pay slips and underpayment. In the case of Fair Work Ombudsman v Northern Enterprises Pty Ltd  FCCA 216 it was held by the court that even where the employee was made to enter under a contract of services, as the employer had control over the employee it accounted to sham contracting. The control test and the integration test are not very effective alone to determine the employment status of a person. Therefore in relation to the scenario the multifactor test would be used to analyzing the position of Davy in relation to ABC. In the provided situation it has been given that Davy was not clear to be he was contracted to after he was purported to be terminated from his position as an employee and ask to work for DEF. Although Davy was not mandatorily required to wear his uniform but he used to wear his uniform at work. In addition Davy used to use the Van provided by ABC in order to carry out his work. The work allocation of Davy was still provided by ABC along with the materials and tools required to complete his work. Therefore, through the application of the multi factor test as discussed above it can be provided that as Davy worked for ABC in exchange of remuneration, as work allocations and tools are provided by ABC to Davy it can be said that ABC had significant control over his work and as he used the van of ABC and mobile phone these also account to the terms of an employment contract. Therefore it can be provided that Davy is an employee of ABC not an independent contractor according to the provisi on of Ready Mixed Concrete (South East) Ltd v Minister of Pensions and National Insurance case. In addition through the application of the provisions provided through the case of market investigations ltd v minister of social security, in relation to the multi-factor test it can further be strengthened that Davy is an employee of ABC and not a contractor. This can be said by referring to the factors provided by the case and the facts given in the situation of Davy. The case provides the person doing the work as an essential factor, where as it is provided that Davy had to do the cleaning work by his own. In addition the case provided whether the employee worked for the business or on his own account, in the given situation it is clear that Davy worked for the business and not his own account. Moreover Davy was provided the tools and equipment to carry n his duty by ABC which according to the principles of the case is a factor of being an employee. Although it was not mandatory for Davy to war his uniform one factor also is not enough to determine employment. In addition, according to common law and provisions of 117 of the FWA, ABC is required to give Davy a notice of termination before he can be dismissed from his employment.if not a notice as per section 117 Davy is entitled to a payment by ABC in lieu of the notice of termination. According to the above discussed section and cases on sham contracting it can be said that by asking Davy to and his employment and contract with DEF while doing the same job ABC have violated the provisions of section 358 of the FWA in relation to Sham contracting. Conclusions Davy is the employee of ABC and not a contractor has been determined through the application of the multifactor test provided by common law cases. ABC must give Davy a notice of termination in accordance to both the provision of common law as well as section 117 of the FWA. Action of ABC to engage Davy as a contractor to DEF by terminating his employment also accounted to sham contracting according to the provisions of section 358 of the FWA. References Cassidy v Ministry of Health  2 KB 343 Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) Fair Work Ombudsman v Happy Cabby Pty Ltd Anor  FCCA 397 Fair Work Ombudsman v Northern Enterprises Pty Ltd  FCCA 216 Lee v Lee's Air Farming Ltd  UKPC 33 Market Investigations Ltd v Minister for Social Security  2 QB 173 Ready Mixed Concrete (South East) Ltd v Minister of Pensions and National Insurance  2 QB 497 Yewens v Noake (1881) 6 QBD 530
Posted by Amora Seeley at 7:38 PM